For each example below, identify the Unconditioned Stimulus (US), Unconditioned Response (UR), Conditioned Stimulus (CS), and Conditioned Response (CR).
Example: At his old run-down apartment, every time someone flushed the toilet while Tom was taking a shower, he immediately jumped out from beneath the water because it would turn the water ice cold. Now that he is in a new, more modern apartment, the water no longer turns ice cold when someone flushes the toilet, however Tom still jumps.
US: Water turning ice cold
UR: Jumping out from underneath the water
CS: Toilet flushing
CR: Jumping out from underneath the water
1. The overhead in Tom’s lab has a short circuit and gives him a shock every time he touches it. After a while Tom hesitates every time he is about to touch the overhead.
US: Electric shock
UR: Pain and feelings of aversion towards the overhead
CS: Touching the overhead
CR: Feelings of aversion towards the overhead
2. Tom gets hungry every time he goes into the kitchen.
US: Tom gets hungry
UR: Tom eats
CS: Going into the kitchen
CR: Tom gets hungry
3. Tom’s eyes begin to water at the mere sight of cats because he is allergic to them.
US: Being around cats
UR: Allergic reaction
CS: The sight of a cat
CR: Eyes watering
4. One of Toms friends has a night of excessive drinking, consuming many Vodka screwdrivers, and eating much pizza and salad with bacon bits. After becoming sick, she refuses to eat bacon bits.
US: Excessive drinking of vodka screwdrivers
UR: Becoming sick
CS: Eating bacon bits
CR: Feeling sick
5. To stop bad habits, it is sometimes recommended that you put a rubber band around your wrist and snap it every time you notice yourself doing that behavior.
US: Snap of the rubber band around your wrist
UR: Slight pain and feeling of annoyance
CS: Doing whatever you deemed to be a bad habit
CR: Unpleasant feelings
6. Before you go in for a chemotherapy treatment, they often give you a distinctive food to eat. After treatment, you can’t stand that food.
US: Chemotherapy treatment
UR: Nausea and extreme feelings of sickness
CS: Eating a distinctive food
CR: Feelings of nausea and sickness
7. You meet a new person who’s cooking is very good. After a few meals you start to fall in love.
US: Very good food
UR: Good, happy feelings
CS: The new person’s very good cooking
CR: Very good feelings towards the person
8. Whenever you watch a scary show, you always have a big bowl of popcorn. Now you find that just having a bowl of popcorn makes you feel creepy. Later your scary show is canceled, and you start eating popcorn while watching Seinfeld. Now the popcorn makes you feel happy.
US: Scary show / Seinfeld
UR: Creepy, scared feelings / feelings of happiness
CS: Eating popcorn
CR: Creepy feelings / feelings of happiness
9. You always do your homework on your desk. After a very hard semester, you find that sitting at your desk depresses you.
US: Hard work required by a difficult semester
UR: Feelings of depression and mental strain
CS: Sitting at your desk
CR: Feelings of depression
10. You want to quit smoking, so you sit at home and give yourself a shock every time you reach for a cigarette. Your smoking decreases. However, when you go out with your friends your smoking returns to the same level.
US: Electric shock
UR: Feelings of pain and discomfort
CR: Feelings of discomfort and fear